Spinal fusion surgery is the operation for joining two or more joints as one, using bone from other area together with metal to splice the spinal cord. The spinal fusion causes no movement between two cords. It always has role in case of pain caused by movement, or to prevent curving and moving of spinal cord. In case of naturally unusual alignment of spinal cord, the fusion will minimally result in less flexibility, but overall movement stills work because there are still many joints can move. The fusion will be operated when
Spinal Fusion is a worldwide surgery, by using pelvis of the patient’s self, or the donated one from Bone Bank, or the artificial bone.
Moreover, the newly navigation system is also used in nerve entrapment surgery. Navigation system is the most recent tool of bone and joint surgery. For example, artificial spinal disc replacement, spinal fusion etc. It results in effective surgery, accurate removal, minimal pain, minimal wound, fast recovery, and better outcome.
The concept of CAS is similar to using a map for travel planning, and GPS, or navigation system for travel planning and vehicle locating. Those are tools aiding to know the next steps. In other word, they are helping in analyzing and acknowledging next processes for more accurate information.
Using navigable surgical appliance, or Navigator, in spinal surgery yields more accuracy and controllability of surgery, smaller scar, and less pain than traditional method. This method, therefore, extremely reduces risk, especially for the surgery near waist spinal nervous system, including abundant nervous components. It reduces risk of nervous pain, including splicing spinal cord with metal, sampling tumor, and easily injecting drug or cement into spinal cord. The spinal surgery is increasingly quick, safe and accurate.
In addition, a new technology is looking through a telescope for spinal fusion (Matrix). This kind of technology is developed from looking through a telescope for herniated nucleus pulposus surgery with the ability to splice the spinal cord with metal through the telescope. The scar is smaller, less blood, and faster recovery.
The latter technologies, which are Navigation System together with Matrix, cause smaller scar, less blood, more accuracy, and more controllable surgery. The surgery is also safer and the patient will recover faster.
After spinal fusion, it should not be moved for effective fusion. The spinal splice with metal restrain the movement of spinal cord, if not a metal, the patient must splint or stay in bed for a period.
The risk of spinal fusion is similar to other surgeries, which is risk for too much blood and infection. Moreover, it is possible for nervous pain for 1-2%. The patient who smokes should stop before a surgery.
After the surgery, the patient will be painful for the first few days, and doctor will inject the painkiller together with oral drug. The pain will be gradually less. The doctor will give advice for muscle exercise both sitting, standing, and walking gesture. The patient regularly can walk in the second day after the surgery, and need to recuperate for 1 week. After home arrival, the patient may need to wear closefitting clothes for more 1-2 months.